Sunlight Requirements (where to plant related to sun)
- Full Sun
- Full Sun or Partially Shade
Soil Type (type of soil plant needs)
- Soil with Good Drainage
- Soil with Drainage but Wet
Climate Type (how tollerant is to frost?)
- Withstands Frost
Fragrant Plant (do flowers have an aroma?)
- No Fragrant Flowers
Difficulty Level (how hard is to cultivate this plant?)
Blooming Season (which months blooms)
Showing Season (which months can we sow seeds)
Planting Season (which months can we plant or transplant)
How to grow Cauliflowers
Cauliflower is a relatively easy vegetable to grow. The unique taste of cauliflower, especially when raw, makes it an important vegetable for our dishes.
You should be aware that white varieties have fewer nutrients than dark-colored cauliflower varieties.
Other names for cauliflower
Latin name: Brassica oleracea var. botrytis. Brassicaceae family
Greek name: Κουνουπίδι (single) Κουνουπίδια (plural)
Start cauliflower from seeds
You can start by sowing cauliflower seeds indoors, 4 to 6 weeks before the last cold spring frosts. The germination temperature of cauliflower seeds is between 7 and 29 degrees Celsius. However, they can germinate even at a temperature of 4 degrees Celsius.
Place the seeds at a depth of about 1 a centimeter.
The seeds usually germinate after 4 to 10 days.
Transplanting cauliflower seedlings
Transplanting cauliflower seedlings can be done when the outside temperature is not less than 10 degrees Celsius.
The cauliflower seedling is ready for transplanting when it has 4 to 8 true leaves. This usually occurs 5 to 9 weeks after sowing.
You should plant the seedling deeper than you planted the seed. Tuck it into the soil until the first healthy large leaf.
Direct sowing of cauliflower seeds
Of course, you can plant cauliflower seeds directly in the garden. In each spot and at a depth of about half a centimeter, place 3 to 4 seeds.
Cauliflowers need space to grow. Make sure that the distances between the plants is between 45 and 60 cm. Keep in mind that the wider the distance, the stronger the plants will be and produce a larger fruit.
After a few weeks, remove the weaker plants and keep the strongest one.
Best soil for cauliflowers
Cauliflowers prefer fertile and well-fertilized soil that is well-drained. The ideal pH is between 6.0 and 7.5.
Cauliflowers need continuous, consistent and ample watering. Prefer drip watering so that the leaves do not get wet.
Be sure to rotate your crops. Do not plant cauliflowers in the same place you planted them up to 3 years ago. Choose another spot in the garden.
Avoid fertilizer rich in nitrogen. Too much nitrogen, can lead to weak stems.