European crane fly insects resemble large mosquitoes. They are usually found in pastures, but can also be found in various crops, e.g. cereals, legumes, beets, potatoes.
Scientific name: Tipula paludosa
Other name: Daddy-longlegs, Leatherjackets (larvae)
Greek name: Τιπούλα
The damage is caused by the larvae (leatherjackets). They attack the roots and bottom of stem of plants (above and below ground) and especially in cereals can cause empty plant spots in the field.
Larvae (leatherjackets) are 30-40 mm long and grey in color. They have no legs with a relatively small head. Their skin is wrinkled and covered with short, stiff hairs. Their hindquarters have six projections, which are described as “devil’s mask”.
The adults (crane flies) are 15-25 mm long, greyish-brown in color and have characteristically long legs.
They are found mainly in humid places, rich in humus and in slightly swampy soils.